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Finite element modelling versus classic beam theory: comparing methods for stress estimation in a morphologically diverse sample of vertebrate long bonesClassic beam theory is frequently used in biomechanics to model the stress behaviour of vertebrate long bones, particularly when creating intraspecific scaling models. Although methodologically straightforward, classic beam theory requires complex irregular bones to be approximated as slender beams, and the errors associated with simplifying complex organic structures to such...
Brassey, Charlotte A ; Margetts, L ; Kitchener, Andrew C ; Withers, P J ; Manning, Phillip L …
Convex-hull mass estimates of the dodo (Raphus cucullatus): application of a CT-based mass estimation techniqueThe external appearance of the dodo (Raphus cucullatus, Linnaeus, 1758) has been a source of considerable intrigue, as contemporaneous accounts or depictions are rare. The body mass of the dodo has been particularly contentious, with the flightless pigeon alternatively reconstructed as slim or fat depending upon the skeletal metric used...
Brassey, Charlotte A ; O’Mahoney, T G ; Kitchener, Andrew C ; Manning, Phillip L ; Sellers, William I
The role of cross-sectional geometry, curvature and limb posture in maintaining equal safety factors: A computed tomography studyThe limb bones of an elephant are considered to experience similar peak locomotory stresses as a shrew. "Safety factors" are maintained across the entire range of body masses through a combination of robusticity of long bones, postural variation, and modification of gait. The relative contributions of these variables remain uncertain....
Brassey, Charlotte A ; Kitchener, Andrew C ; Withers, P J ; Manning, Phillip L ; Sellers, William I